Unheroic heroes are fascinating even as they disappoint the audience.
“If history were taught in the form of stories, it would never be forgotten.” ~ Rudyard Kipling
The Warrior archetype surprises people looking for heroes. We expect him (or her) to be a savior. The warrior assaults problems with all intentions of winning. And he never analyzes to determine when the moment of achievement actually occurs. Or he never analyzes to determine when his pursuit turns in the wrong direction. Boromir in the Lord of the Rings is a great example of the unthinking Warrior.
The Creator archetype also surprises us. We expect creativity to help us progress. Undisciplined creativity and innovation, however, merely create change that might hinder as much as help.
Frankenstein never considered the consequences of his creation. He didn’t consider if he should bring man back to life, only if he could.
Both Warrior and Creator, however, will not anticipate that they can cause evil in their pursuit of good. This is not the case with the Magician and the Sage.
These other two Unheroic Hero Archetypes in Jung’s List of 12 have a definite inclination toward evil.
The Magician focuses on transformation.
He seeks change—whether that change is needed or not. In this respect, the Magician is like the unthinking Warrior. He wants change so much that he may destroy a good thing.
Yet transformative catalysts like these unheroic heroes do have great power. They can achieve the nobler ideals through discipline focused on benefitting others. The best traits of the magician:
- Extremely long-sighted in viewing any project.
- Remaining stalwart as old systems collapse.
- Steadily guiding new systems into place.
The negative form of the Magician is the Machiavellian: the ultimate manipulator. Machiavellians can charm people as they deconstruct and reconstruct systems, whatever those systems may be.
The Machiavellian may also manipulate others into transforming processes without letting the disciples know the destruction that will occur—or more horrifically, convincing the disciples that such destruction is necessary to change and achieve a utopia. This version of the unheroic hero becomes a seductive antagonist.
In their pursuit of changing lead to gold, Machiavellians may use up valuable resources that others depend upon. When confronted, their argument will always be, “Look. We’re going to get gold. Just give it a little more time.” And people starve as the process never quite works out. But those people go to their doom blinded by the master manipulator, believing the dream.
The Magician in Film
The Magician will appear charming to those who do not have to deal with his day-to-day single-minded transformations. Then the charmed spell is broken when people must cope with the consequences of this catalyst.
Iron Man presents the magician archetype across a series of films.
In the first film, he delights in his invention. Then he must play back-up and finally catch-up as he deals with the consequences of his invention falling into the wrong hands. He charms his world audience. He has the talismatic charm that keeps the official military on his side.
Pepper, whom he loves, must deal with his focus on his transformations. She loses patience as she realizes his charm does not change the consequences of his actions to the company and to their relationship.
Notice how carefully the writers have crafted Iron Man in the third film. He must sacrifice his talismatic charms to rescue what is most important. He tempers his transforming powers because he no longer needs those catalystic abilities. And he is now satisfied with what he has achieved in life.
The Sage is a problematic hero. Seeker of wisdom, he has a keen-edged blade that cuts the difference between truth and deceit, reality and artificiality, knowledge and stupidity.
Although they are unheroic heroes, the best sages become teachers. True teachers will question the status quo, point out its flaws, and then guide toward a replacing perspective.
Wisdom, however, is problematic. The Sage is an unheroic hero that we may admire but should not emulate.
- What may be wise for the immediate future is not always wise for the long-term situation.
- What may seem like wisdom, cast into a different form, becomes hidebound belief rather than wisdom.
- Wisdom can have puzzling forms. The Sage may become so impressed with cleverness that he must cast everything in a riddle.
The Sage may mentor the protagonist, but a good hero will judge whether or not to follow the Sage’s imparted wisdom.
The Warrior will not judge the validity of the wisdom, which is his weakness. The Creator will try to twist the wisdom into a form that he can work with, thus twisting the truth from the wisdom. The Magician may bypass the Sage entirely.
A negative Sage becomes robotic in her/his arrogant stance on the truth pedestal. All those who do not meet the truth standard are criticized by the Robot with “Why can’t you see it? It’s so clear.”
The negative Sage may also seem so rational as to appear cold and merciless. With such a Sage, the heart will be missing.
As a writer, consider the problematic wisdom bulleted above. All three can individually drive a conflict for a protagonist. Sages, rather than perform as unheroic heroes, may elevate the story when they are presented as shapeshifters or shadows.
The Sage in Film
Leonard Nimoy’s Spock in the Star Trek series is the perfect example of the aloof Sage, filled with wisdom.
Nimoy’s Spock is beloved by many only because we fans caught glimpses of his angst. He fought against his admiration for the intelligent yet emotionally driven humans that his society told him were fools. His wisdom told him that the humans held the truth needed for the universe to remain progressive as opposed to regressive.
A truly tortured Sage is Bobby Goren of Law & Order: Criminal Intent. The mind that so truly understood the psychological twists that produced criminals created a barrier between himself and what he wanted most in life.
I’ve been discussing hero archetypes as if they could only be male—which is totally wrong. Every aspect of archetype can have a masculine and a feminine and even both through a yin/yang dynamic.
In celebration of Spring and the rebirth of the land, on March 20 we discuss . . .
Women Leaders >> Bright Lights & Hot Messes
After our focus on women, giving them extra time, we will continue our expanded look at Jung’s List of 12 Character Archetypes.
~~ M. A. Lee